A well know interpretive high level programming language accompanied by some elegant syntax. The easiness and better code readability gives developer a platform to built custom and complex projects easily.
With more then 40% of market share in Web Development industry, no doubt PHP is an all time favorite server side scripting language of the developers. With frameworks like Laravel, CodeIgnitor, Cake PHP etc, this general purpose programming language has emerged as one of the most powerful web-development language.
Owned by Oracle, Java is a popular programming language used for developing everything from Web application to desktop applications. One of the main advantage of Java is that it works over both the major operating systems Windows and Mac. Also, when talk comes around developing Android Apps, Java is a preferred choice of most of the developers.
R can be defined as a programming language or environment which is extensively used in Data Science i.e. statistical computing. R can be the backbone of various new day applications as it follows a particular sequence/workflow to analyze data i.e. programming, transforming, discovering, modeling and communicate the results. It is an power full platform for applied machine learning.
Lisp is the family of computer programming languages and it is the second oldest high level programming language which is in use today as well after Fortran. The greater extent of interchangeability of codes & data provides an instant recognizable syntax to LISP. This language is the major role player in the field of Artificial Intelligence from long ago and its going strong till now.
A logical programming Language, Prolog, is deeply associated with Artificial Intelligence & also has its roots equally in computational linguistics. Prolog Offers multiple advantages over its competitor platform or languages like Easy DB creation, Recursive Search, matching patterns are easy and built in list handling. Advanced and extended Prolog environments also provide features to like creation GUIs & other networked applications.
It is a server side programming language and its object oriented & general programming approach makes it useful for programmers to write logical code for small as well as big projects. Python is dynamically typed and garbage-collected language. It also made software development easy for world.
C++ is a general purpose programming language and an extension of programming language C. Now a days the use of C++ has increased quite a lot and it is being used as an object-oriented generic programming language.